** **The **equivalent rational numbers** are numbers that have same value but are represented differently.

The equivalent rational number defines the equivalence of fractions in math and the equivalent ratio for the numbers.

The ratios of the two numbers have equivalent ratio for the ratios of the other two numbers. Here, we are going to see about the equivalent forms of rational numbers for the two numbers.

Two rational numbers are said to be equivalent if we divide each decimal value will be the same;

For example, if $\frac{a}{b}$ is equivalent to $\frac{c}{d}$, and $\frac{a}{b}$ = p then $\frac{c}{d}$ = p

The numbers of the from $\frac{a}{b}$ where a and b are integers and b`!=` 0 ( b is not equal to zero) are known as rational numbers.

`Q = { a / b | a in z , b in z and b!=0 }` is the set of all rational numbers.

If ‘a’ and ‘b’ are both of the same sign, then $\frac{a}{b}$ is known as a **positive rational number**.

If ‘a’ and ‘b’ are of opposite signs, then $\frac{a}{b}$ is known as a **negative rational number**.

Every integer ‘a’ can be written as $\frac{a}{1}$. So every integer is a rational number.

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Below are the examples on equivalent rational numbers -

The given rational number is `14 / 9`

We have to find the equivalent rational number by multiplying or dividing the given rational number by the common number.

First multiply the given rational number by 2 on numerator and denominator.

`14 / 9` = `(14 * 2) / (9 * 2)`

`14 / 9` = `28 / 18`

To find the next rational number multiply the given ratio by the number 5.

`14 / 9` = `(14 * 5) / (9 * 5)`

`14 / 9` = `70 / 45`

The equivalent ratios of `14 / 9` are `28 / 18` , `70 / 45`

The given rational number is `4 / 10`

We have to find the equivalent ratio by multiplying or dividing the given rational number by the common number.

First multiply the numerator and denominator of given rational number by 10.

`4 / 10` = `(4 * 10) / (10 * 10)`

`4 / 10` = `40 / 100`

To find the next rational number by dividing number 2 in numerator and denominator.

`4 / 10` = `(4 / 2) / (10 / 2)`

`4 / 10` = `2 / 5`

To find the next rational number, multiply the number 5 on numerator and denominator.

`4 / 10` = `(4 * 5) / (10 * 5)`

`4 / 10` = `20 / 50`

The equal ratios of `4 / 10` are `4 / 10` , `4 / 10` , `4 / 10`

The given rational number is `50 / 100`

The denominator is a multiple of numerator

100 = 2 x 50

So to get the least equivalent rational number we divide numerator and denominator by 50

`50 / 100` = `(50 / 50) / (100 / 50)`

`50 / 100` = `50 / 100 = 1 / 2`

So the least equivalent rational number of `50 / 100 = 1 / 2`

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